The Study of Apples   




..."Once again, we are not lacking information and resources related to the study of apples,it is the lack of study and understanding of these resources which results in too superficial an appreciation. But let us guard these resources jealously and keep them unadulterated. This will be our claim to fame when we are successful."
                                                                                                                                 Armand de Hédouville


The publication of three series of descriptive files (A,B, C) bringing together 68 varieties of apples and 12 varieties of pears, brought about thanks to the work of the team led by René Marlaud ( deceased September 2002), allows us to spread a database indispensable for the identification of the heritage of fruit trees from the centre of France.

The varieties described in these files are part of the collection of the association’s Conservation Orchard.



Varieties of fruit trees native
to the centre of france

Série A

Varieties of fruit trees native
to the centre of france

Série B

po02.jpg (239065 octets)

po03.jpg (213363 octets)



Moreover, these files usefully complete the method of identification perfected apples and pears
(réédition 2004/2005) by René Marauld and spread by the BerryApple Society
for many years.


pomme_recto.jpg (72758 octets)

pomme_verso.jpg (148289 octets)

poire_verso.jpg (134290 octets)

poire_recto.jpg (82689 octets)

Illustrated files for the use of schools.

Examples of files in this review


Publication of the UP-AFCEV that the SPB participated
to include the fruits of Berry.

Editorial Center for the Book
Here are the varieties of apple and pear characteristics of the Central Region presented for the first time in one book. Under the banner of UP-AFCEV, two groups of volunteers - THE Croqueurs Apples and Pomological Berry Company - have been invaluable to pool their knowledge of local fruits, making a vital update of Volume 2 Orchard French, published in 1948 by the Society Pomological France. The Region has recently been implementing an inventory of heritage food, this book is timely. It will be the new reference for both amateur and fruit growers as executives in charge of public policies.
Without doubt, the local varieties do not fit administrative boundaries. The attachment of a variety to a department rather than another is sometimes risky. It is more often the frequency of observations that knowledge of its origin which allows you to connect a variety to a territory, so that a variety can be presented as berrichonne as widespread and popular in Touraine. An apple attributed to Auvergne Limousin or perhaps for the same reason located in Berry. Therefore need to read and use this book, like all others, remembering that the fruits of play boundaries. It aims to encourage the preservation of a common heritage, not to maintain rivalries between neighbors.
The descriptions of the fruit were certainly not the full extent required by science Pomological. Deliberately simplified, they want access to as many people to allow the recovery of a collective heritage and will prove valuable, often sufficient to give a name to a variety forgotten.
This work shows that the work of associations in 30 years in the service of local varieties has not been in vain: most empirically selected varieties propagated by grafting and through generations of peasants have been maintained against the winds and tides urbanization and mass production of fruit. But the backup is not gained so far and this book should be received as an invitation to continue the effort.
Stone fruits, nuts and raisins countries - the Central Region is also rich - deserve the same quality of publications. The inventory work of local cultivars, characterization and agronomic evaluation and taste is not completed. Our task is still great to leave to future generations the cultural and biological heritage of local fruit varieties in the best possible condition. This is not to find a golden age illusion or sanctuaries of relics is the communication of diversity needed to prevent boredom and allow for adaptation that is the condition of evolution. Beyond the orchards with, the time has come for the heritage orchard with ideas and talent.
In a globalizing world, we are sure the fruit varieties, such as animal and vegetable varieties of countries provide more colors and flavors to our regions and contribute to rural life in the heart of France. President Jacques Aubourg URGB the Union for the preservation and enhancement of genetic resources of Berry

Jacques Aubourg
President of the URGB
Union for the preservation and enhancement of Genetic Resources of the Berry

Jacques AUBOURG    
Président de l’URGB    
nion pour la préservation et la valorisation des Ressources Génétiques du Berry  


Last publication of the SPB on the varieties of chestnuts from Berry
By Claude Duguet.
Public price: 12 € _ members: 10 €




For information about these works and other publications (recipe booklets, posters of fruits of lower Berry) contact the association directly:

on 02 54 30 94 35  

or by e-mail